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Hormones are chemical messengers that are secreted directly into the bloodstream. The blood then carries these hormones to organs and tissues of the body for proper bodily functioning. Imbalances in the levels of hormones in the body can lead to many problems including weight gain and obesity.

If you are worried about sudden weight gain, it may be because of changes in your hormone levels. In this case, it is important to visit a general physician in Lahore at your earliest.

Below is a list of hormones which are related to weight gain.

1. Estrogen

Imbalances in the levels of estrogen can lead to weight gain. High levels of the hormones result due to its overproduction by the ovarian cells or as a result of eating food rich in estrogen.The desired amounts of insulin produced by a healthy body keep the blood sugar level in check. However, high estrogen levels put stress on blood cells that produce insulin, making the body insulin resistant. This results in high glucose levels that cause weight gain.

On the other hand, reduced levels of estrogen are found in older people when there is less production of the hormone in the body. To increase estrogen levels, the body extracts fatty cells and converts energy to fat, increasing blood glucose levels. This is another reason for weight gain.

In order keep estrogen levels in balance, it is important to avoid the consumption of alcohol and processed meat. Moreover, consuming fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as exercising regularly can help maintain desired estrogen levels.

2. Thyroid Hormones

The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck. It is responsible for the production of hormones that maintain the metabolism of the body. Underproduction of these hormones can lead to hypothyroidism, a condition associated with weight gain.

Hypothyroidism can be prevented by the consumption of iodized salt, vitamin D, food rich in zinc, as well as well-cooked food.

3. Insulin

Secreted by the pancreas, this hormone is responsible for controlling the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. When there is an interruption in insulin levels, the body gets resistant to insulin. In turn, muscle cells fail to recognize the glucose-bound insulin and glucose remains in the bloodstream, causing a spike in the blood sugar levels. This leads to weight gain.

To avoid this, eating seasonal fruits and vegetables, and flaxseeds may be helpful. Moreover, one should avoid alcohol consumption and late-night snacking.

4. Testosterone

Testosterone is the primary sex hormone found in men (although it is present in women as well).The hormone helps to maintain libido, stimulate sperm production, burn fat, as well as strengthen bones and muscles. Low testosterone levels can lead to obesity.

To prevent a decline in testosterone levels, one should exercise regularly, avoid alcohol, and consume fiber enriched food.

5. Progesterone

Progesterone is a female hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle and is crucial for pregnancy. A drop in progesterone levels can occur due to a number of reasons including stress, menopause, or the intake of contraceptive pills. Low levels of the hormones can cause weight gain.

In order to prevent a drop in progesterone levels, regular exercise and meditation may be helpful.

Hormones are essential for the maintenance of regular bodily functions. This article summarizes how changes in the levels of certain hormones may lead to weight gain. For a detailed discussion however, please visit the best general physician in Islamabad so that you may get proper guidance and professional advice.

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